What is Infertility?
The ART of Infertility does not subscribe to a particular ideology about who is infertile. We believe that infertility impacts and affects diverse populations, ranging from infertile wo/men, friends and family of infertile individuals, as well as the medical professionals and legislators making fertility decisions. We are interested in sharing the experiences of infertility from all of these perspectives.
Infertility is a disease that results in the abnormal functioning of the male or female reproductive system. It affects 7.3 million people in the U.S. This figure represents 12% of women of childbearing age, or 1 in 8 couples.
It is often diagnosed after a couple has had one year of unprotected, well-timed intercourse, or if the woman has suffered from multiple miscarriages and the woman is under 35 years of age. If the woman is over 35 years old, it is diagnosed after 6 months of unprotected, well-timed intercourse.
Infertility affects men and women of all ages. Approximately 30% of infertility is due to a female factor and 30% is due to a male factor. In the balance of the cases, infertility results from problems in both partners or the cause of the infertility cannot be explained.
Those who do not seek help have a "spontaneous cure rate" of about 5% after a year of infertility.
At least 50% of those who complete an infertility evaluation will respond to treatment with a successful pregnancy. Some infertility problems respond with higher or lower success rates.
While most individuals or couples can select the option to have children or remain child-free, Infertility denies those affected the opportunity to choose.